The story is actually about two things. It tells the story of Forrest’s life at the same time as the audience gets to witness glimpses of the American history. In these historic events Forrest often plays an active part, for example when he inspires Elvis or when he fights in the Vietnam War.
Forrest grows up in a small town together with his mum who would do anything for her boy. Early in the story we learn that Forrest isn’t a “normal” kid, he wears braces on his legs and he has an IQ below average. But he makes it without going under thanks to his mother and his best friend Jenny. Forrest’s mother is very important and also very loving towards her son. Whenever something is wrong or when Forrest doesn’t understand she has a way of explaining it to him metaphorically. Later in his life he often quotes what his mother once said.
Even though Forrest has a somewhat traumatic childhood with kids bullying him the sort of intelligence that he lacks makes his life happy anyway. He has a remarkable way of always looking ahead and always having some sort of new idea of what do to. Therefore he leads a very exciting life as a football player, a War hero, a Ping-Pong master, a shrimp fisher etc. Eventually he ends up as a millionaire.
What Forrest accomplishes is something that must be very rare in the US today. He isn’t very smart (low IQ, but his EQ must be above average…) and he achieves what he does by simply being kind to people. He never does anything with profit as the goal. Somehow he slips through the system and survives that tough society. Maybe this is because he really hasn’t been programmed to believe that he is no good. He dares to try the project that he wants to, and with a small portion of luck he ends up as the real winner. The feather that begins and ends the story could maybe be seen as a symbol of this freedom of mind. Is symbolises how Forrest is free to do what he wants because he hasn’t been prejudiced.
There are four, or maybe five, very important people in Forrest’s life. The first is his mother whom he loves and thinks the world of. The second person is Jenny, the girl who saved him whenever he was in trouble during their childhood. Jenny is even more important to Forrest after his mother has died. Forrest feels that he must protect Jenny as she protected him, but when he tries to hard she tells him goodbye more than once. The third important person is Bubba. Bubba is a black young man who joins the army at the same time as Forrest. They swear to help each other no matter what during the Vietnam War. And Forrest is the most faithful friend one could get; He runs into the woods after the battalion has been ambushed to find Bubba and bring him out. But, every time he goes in he finds someone else in need of help and therefore rescues that person. Finally, after he has saved several people, Forrest finds Bubba in a bad condition. He picks him up, and is able to escape the minute before the Americans bomb the forest with napalm. On that place Forrest has to say goodbye to Bubba who is too severely hurt to survive.
Among the persons Forrest saves is his Lieutenant, Dan. Dan survives, but is far from thankful. He loses both his legs and is no longer regarded as a hero. Forrest doesn’t understand this; he doesn’t even understand what all the rallies against the war are about. Maybe Forrest is the only ex. soldier who doesn’t feel like a looser. Dan understands perfectly well that he isn’t wanted in the American society. He isn’t loved by the people who hates him along with the war, and he isn’t wanted by the government because he is an embarrassment to them; a living proof that the Vietnam War was a big mistake.
Therefore he is left on his own, and starts to drown his sorrows. But, once again Forrest saves his life by making him part of a Shrimp boat that Forrest buys to honour Bubba’s memory and to make Bubbas dream come true. Dan learns to cherish life again and the business grows until they both are millionaires.
Dan isn’t the only friend Forrest saves. The love of his life, Jenny, is another. She was abused by her father as a young girl and therefore leads a very destructive life as a grown up. She seeks men who treat her as bad as her father did and she takes drugs and drinks to numb the pain. The only one who truly loves her is Forrest. His love saves her when she considers ending her life, and his kindness helps her get over her father so that she can find peace in mind. Jenny gives birth to their little son, “the smartest kid in the world”. After Jenny has died Forrest takes care of his boy, and loves him just as much as Forrest’s mother loved him.
The tale of Forrest’s life is a most wonderful story. And to many it is a rougher picture of the US than we are used to being bombarded with. Forrest tells the story without passing any judgements. In one way this is good, but on the other hand the picture of the US isn’t true anyway. As we see it in the film, the American history is merely filled with various sad events that happened because they couldn’t be avoided. Now, the moviemakers could have been harsher by not only showing flashes of poor presidents being shot at. So, it really leaves the audience to decide for themselves what kind of society the US is and has been.
I can recommend you to read the book, even if you’ve seen the movie. It’s a lot more fun and you get to build your own world in your mind.
Martin Luther King:
Martin had started college when he was fifteen, three years earlier than the other. He went to Morehouse College in Atlanta, one of the best black colleges inte the country, where open discussion of racial maters was encouraged. He knew just how lucky he was compared to so many black youngsters, and he made the most of his chances. His father had set his heart on Martin´s following him into the church, but Martin himself thought he might like to become a doctor or a lawyer, professions he felt would be of more use to his people.
So Martin told his father that, he would become a minister. His father organized a trial sermon for Martin at his own church, the ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. And a large crowds arrived that sunday to hear the seventeen years old preach. He was very nervous because he did not want to let his father down in front of their own people, but he did well. Later that same year he was ordained and made assistant minister to his father. But his education was far from over. He wanted to continue his studies at a college in the North.
"Martin Luther King Belived very strongly that American black should adopt the methods of non-violence advocated by Mahatma Gandhi, the father of Indian independence. Non-violent protest did not mean being passive.
It meant total, organized, noncooperation with evil, a willingness to suffer for what is right, a willingness to pack the jails and, if necessary, a willingness to die for the cause."
Grown up in the church
Martin Luther King, Jr., was born 15 january, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia, a city in the deep South of the US. He was named after his father, and the family, which was made up of his parents, a doting grandmother and a brother and sister, called him ML for short - a nickname that stuck throughtout his childhood. Because he was minister, a preacher, ML´s father, "Daddy King," han an importat position in the black community. The Church played a vital role in the life of blacks in the American South. It was the heart of the black community. the source of inspiration and comfort for people whose lives were hard the other six days of the week. Young ML was a clever boy. At five, he was memorizing passages from the Bible. At six, he would sing the Gospel songs for the congregation. And all the time he was learning. One day, after that he were hearing a guest minister give an impressive sermon, Martin Luther told his parents "Some day, I´m goiing to get me some big words like that!"
Lessons from Daddy King
Besides being a minister, Reverend King was a shrewd businessman, and the family lived well. But being a minister and reasonably well-to-do meant nothing to the local white commnuity; to them this gentle man was just another "nigger". But Martin´s father knew how to respond to insults. When a policeman stopped him on the road one day and said
-"Boy, let me see your license?"
The Reverend King ppointed to his son and said "See that child there? That is a boy, I am a man".
He ran a great risk of being called "uppity," but his son admired his courage and his dignity. He would always remember what his father said about racism: I don´t care how long I have to live with the system. I am never going to accept it. I´ll fight it till I die.
Martin meets Coretta
Martin graduated at the top of his class from Crozer and went on to contine his studies at Boston University. He began working for his doctorate, or Ph.D. degree, and enrolled in an advanced course in the philosophy of religion, studying Hinduism, Shintoism and Islam, as well as Christianity. As serious as he was about his studies, Martin still found time to enjoy himself. He was a charming young man and had plenty of girlfriends.
But the fun of going out with so many different girls began to a little boring. He wished he could find someone special, someone who could share his life and his hopes. Then a friend introduced him to a young singer named Coretta Scott. She came from the South, like Martin, having grown up in a black farming family in Alabama. A scholarship had allowed her to study music at the New England Conservatory, and she was working part-time to pay her living expenses. The very last thing se wanted was to be swept off her feet and give up her career. Marriage and children were things she hoped to have - but after she had established herselft in music.
The right woman
But all her sensible plans went out of the window. At first, Martin seemed to her to be too short. He was five foot seven, but more time se spent with him the more she liked him. Martin himself was bowled over by her beauty and intelligence, her vivid personality, her strenght of character. He told her so! The more they saw each other, the more they felt for each other, and on June 18, 1953, they were married by Martin´s father at Coretta´s home in Marion. Back in Boston later that year, Martin and Coretta finished their last year of studies, and Martin began looking for a job. He was happy in the academic life and wanted to teach theology at a college or university, but thought he should work as a minister for a few years first.
The first rainy day
The bus boycott was well under way, and Reverend King and other black leaders arranged to meet city officials to discuss the dispute. But right away it became clear that neither the city nor the bus company had any intention of desegregating the buses. The Mayor said smugly, "Comes the first rainy day and the Negroes will be back on the Buses". How wrong he was. The Black people had found the road to freedom, and no downpour was going to break theierspirit. But they realized this was to be no quick victory; there was a long fight ahead. The police soon put an end to the 10-cent taxi service, but the Montgomery Improvement Association had arranged a city-wide motor pool. Car owners took people to and from work, and black churches served as pick-up points. The system ran like clockwork, although many people still walked to work. The protest was visible what people cal "high profile". All those black people trudging to and from work, whatever the weather, became a clear symbol of their new-found dignity. No one could ignore this protest against injustice.
One old lady, "Old Mother Pollard," walked with as much determination as the rest. One day after the service, Dr. King asked her if she wasn´t getting tired of walking. "My feet is tired", she replied, "but my soul is rested".
A victory for non-violence
As Martin Luther sad "We will match your capacity to inlict suffering by our capacity to endure suffering". Those scenes in Birmingham shocked the world. And still the marchers refused to gice in. Every day the demostrators returned to the streets, knowing full well what they faced. The marched up to the waiting police, the dogs, the high pressure hoses, singing their songs of freedom. And then on May 5, 1963 something strange and wonderful happened. Black preach were leading a public march to Birmingham Jail, singing hymns as they went, when the demostrators came at last to the police lines that barred their path. Quietly they all stopped and knelt to pray for a few moments. Then they moved forward.
Connor was there.
"Turn on the water," he yelled. "Damn you, turn on the water".
But the police and firemen made no move. They looked at the quiet faces before them, the harmless gentle people who had done nothing to merit abuse. The police moved back and let the company of protesters through.
Connor stood stunned and powerless. His troops had abandoned him.
Martin Luther King´s faith in the fundamental goodness to be found in most men had been jusified. Non-violence had triumphed, though at a high cost in suffering. Over 3000 demosrators had been arrested during the protest.
He recevied a lot of awards for his work with the Civil Right Movement, and this is just some of the awards. These may show incredibly important and influential he was during his time:
• With the age of just 28 he was selected one of the most outstanding personalities of the year by the very important and much read paper Time Maganize in 1957
• The Second Annual Achievement Award from The Guardian Association of the PoliceDepartment of New York, 1958
• Selected as one of the sixteen world leaders who had contributed most to the advancement of freedom during 1959 by Ling Maganize of New Delhi, India, in 1959
• Named "Man of the Year", by Time Maganize in 1963
• The John F. Kennedy Award, from the United Federation of Teachers. 1964
• The Nobel Peace Price, at the age of 35 he was the youngest man, the third black man and the second American to be honoured whit this prize in 1964
Trought his world travelling, his dedication to the human rights, his work for the Southern Chiristian Leadership Conference, activating others and being selfishly devoted to peace an equality between the razes and sexes, he laid a fantastic foundation for righting. Dr. Martin Luther King wrote six books and numerous articles for universities and magazines. Here are his books:
• Stride Toward Freedom, about the Montgomery Bus Boycott
• The Measure of a Man, a collection of sermons/lectures
• Why We Can´t Wait, Story of the Birmingham Campain
• Strenght to Love, a selection of sermons
• Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community, his reflections on problems of the time
• The Trumpet of Conscience, the Massey Lectures/Sermons, posthumously/decease
While in Memphis to help lead a protest against low salaries and bad working conditions for the cities sanitation employees, Dr. King were shot while he were standing on his balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Tennessee on the 4 of april, 1968.(Two days before my birthday)
James Earl Ray was arrested in Londo, GB on 8 June 1968, and sent back to Memphis on July 19, 1969 to be prosecuted for the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King. But the day before his trial, on March 9, 1969 he signed guilty plea, a literal declaration of his guilt, and was sentenced to ninety-nine years in the Tennessee State Prison.
On April 9, 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King´s
King´s funeral service were holding at Ebenezer Baptist Church and on the campus of Morehouse Collage, and the United States President calling for a day of national morning and flags being flown at half-mast.
Martin was a great man with many ambitions. he had a dream and that dream was to live in a society together, whites and blacks. Shis should not be too much to ask for we are all human beans with the same needs and we are all struggling for the same things in life so why can´t we get along?.
In today´s society we have gotten a bit further but it is still a long way to go. There is still a huge gap between the different races. Even if blacks and whites can ride the same bus and eat in the same restaurant the thing that has to change is people´s mentality. The ignorance has to disappear and people got to learn about each others differences. Our opinion is that you can not hate a person just because he has a another look or a different language or just because he has a different religion. we have to learn to respect each others differences and to appreciate them instead. Don´t hate appreciate!
Hugh Marston Hefner is the name his parents Glenn and Grace Hefner gave him in Chicago April 9, 1926. The older son and his parents were conservative Protestant.
He attended Sayre Elementary School and Steinmetz High on the West Side of Chicago, where he was no more than an average student, despite a genius IQ (152), distinguishing himself instead with his extracurricular activities, founding a school paper, writing, cartooning and serving as president of the student council, where he championed student causes.
He graduation from high school in January 1944, Hef (a nickname preferred since teenage) joined the army serving as an Infantry Clerk and drawing cartoons for various Army newspapers. In 1946, he spent the summer taking art classes at the Chicago Art Institute, enrolling that fall at the University of Illinois in Champaign/Urbana. Hef earned his bachelor´s degree in two and a half years by doubling up on classes while drawing cartoons for the Daily Illini and editing the campus humor magazine Shaft, where he introduced a new feature called Coed of the Month.
He subsequently took a semester of graduate courses in sociology at Northwestern University where, pursuing his interest in individual freedom, he wrote a term paper examining U.S.
In June 1949, Hef married a classmate, Mildred Williams.
Their ten-year marriage produced two children: Christie in 1952 and David in 1955.
Hef tried his hand at cartooning and, failing to sell any of his ideas for a cartoon strip, published a book of satirical cartoons about Chicago titled That Toddlin´ Town.
In 1949 Hef worked as an assistant personel manager for the Chicago Carton Company for $45 a week and in 1950 as an advertising copywriter for the Carson, Pirie, Scott department store for just $40 a week.
In January 1951 His future seemed uncertain when he landed a promising job as a promotion copywriter at Esquire at $60 a week. When Esquire moved its offices to New York, his request for a five-dollar raise was denied, and he decided to stay behind and start a magazine of his own.
Hef and a fellow copywriter from Esquire tried to raise enough capital to launch a Chicago magazine and failed. In 1952 While working as the newsstand promotion director of Publishers Development Corporation, he became convinced there was a market for a sophisticated men´s magazine that would reflect the views of the post-War generation and he was the man to start it.
In January 1953, to support his family, he took a better-paying job as circulation manager of Children´s Activities magazine, but that spring and summer the dream of starting his own magazine became an obsession.
He got friends and family to invest in the venture, raising just $8000, including $600 of his own money borrowed from a bank using his family´s furniture as collateral.
The first issue of Playboy magazine, featuring the now-famous calendar photo of Marilyn Monroe, was produced on a kitchen table in his South Side apartment. In December 1953 on the newsstands, Hef was not sure when or if he would be able to produce another.
The first issue sold more than 50,000 copies, enough to pay for the paper and printing costs and to finance another issue.
Playboy grew at a phenomenal rate. By the end of the decade, the magazine was selling more than a million copies a month and, to celebrate, Hef held the first Playboy Jazz Festival at the Chicago Stadium.
He hosted a popular syndicated television show called Playboy´s Penthouse, purchased the Playboy Mansion at 1340 North State Parkway. On February 29 1960 he opened the first Playboy Club on the Near North Side of Chicago.
The magazine became the largest-selling, most influential men´s magazine in the world.
By 1971, when Playboy Enterprises went public, the magazine was selling 7 million copies a month and there were 23 Playboy Clubs, resorts, hotels and casinos with more than 900,000 members worldwide.The corporation also included book publishing, merchandising, a modeling agency, a limousine service, a record label and a TV and motion picture company. It was truly an empire ruled by one man.
Hef hosted a second syndicated television show, Playboy After Dark, taped in Hollywood in 1968 and 1969, and in 1970 acquired the famed black Big Bunny jet, a DC-9 from McDonnell Douglas, in which he regularly commuted between Chicago and California, and toured the world.
In 1971, he established a second residence in Los Angeles with the acquisition of a five-and-one-half acre estate in Holmby Hills, which quickly became known as Playboy Mansion West, where he was able to more closely supervise Playboy Enterprises´ increasing interests in television and film production.
In 1975, Hef decided to make Los Angeles his permanent home.
In 1980, Hef championed the reconstruction of the Hollywood sign and was honored with a star on the Hollywood walk of fame for his efforts.
Playboy also produced such popular television movies as Third Girl From The Left,
with Kim Novak and Tony Curtis; The Death of Ocean View Park; The Cop and the Kid; and A Whale For The Killing.
In 1985, he suffered a stroke that changed the direction of his life. He referred to it at the time as "a stroke of luck.
The world´s most famous bachelor was married on July 1, 1989 to Kimberley Conrad,
Playboy´s 1989 Playmate of the Year. Their fairy tale courtship resulted in an uncommonly romantic wedding ceremony conducted at the wishing well at Playboy Mansion West where Hef proposed. Their first son, Marston Glenn, was born on Hef´s birthday, April 9, 1990, and their second son Cooper Bradford, was born on September 4, 1991.
The Hefners are currently separated, and Mrs. Hefner and the boys live on an estate adjacent to the Playboy Mansion in Los Angeles.
Since the mid-Eighties, daughter Christie Hefner has served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Playboy Enterprises,but Hef continues to serve as the magazine´s editor-in-chief, plays a key role in determining the path of Playboy Enterprises and directs other areas of the corporation including cable television and video production.
In 1994, Hef established and Playboy founded the Playboy Jazz Film Festival, the first-ever showcase on the West Coast for many of the best and rarest films in the jazz lexicon.
In 2000, Hef guest-starred on an episode of HBO´s Sex and the City, and in 2001, he appeared in the 1000th episode of NBC´s Just Shoot Me.
Most recently, Hef has become a fixture on the Hollywood celebrity club scene and the Mansion has once again become a mecca for entertainment industry superstars including a new wave of young motion picture and television celebrities, rock groups and more.
His dreams are soon expected to reach the large screen theatrically in a feature film.
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